Sibenik is a historic town in Croatia, located in central Dalmatia where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic Sea. ?ibenik is a political, educational, transport, industrial and tourist center of ?ibenik-Knin county. Unlike other cities along the Adriatic coast, which were established by Greeks, Illyrians and Romans, ?ibenik was founded by Croats. Excavations of the castle of Saint Michael, have since proven that the place was inhabited long before the actual arrival of the Croats. It was mentioned for the first time under its present name in 1066 in a Charter of the Croatian King Petar Kre?imir IV and, for a period of time, it was a seat of this Croatian King. For that reason, ?ibenik is also called "Kre?imirov grad" (Kre?imir's city). It is the oldest native Croatian town on the eastern shores of the Adriatic.Between the 11th and 12th centuries, ?ibenik was tossed back and forth among Venice, Byzantium, Hungary and the Kingdom of Bosnia. It was conquered by the Republic of Venice in 1116, who held it until 1124, when they briefly lost it to the Byzantine Empire, and then held it again until 1133 when it was retaken by the Kingdom of Hungary. It would change hands amongst the aforementioned states several more times until 1180. Population 34,242.
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